Good driving skills are built over many, many hours of correct repetition in varied and unexpected situations. A driver must concentrate on the road and drive defensively. Driving with concentration means operating a vehicle safely demands that the driver concentrate on driving. The person should be rested, calm and not under the influence of alcohol or other drugs. Defensive driving means plan ahead for the unexpected. Always be prepared to react to the other driver. Do not expect the other driver to do what you think he or she should do. Do not think you know what he or she is going to do. If you cannot avoid a crash, remain calm and try to choose the least dangerous situation. For example, running into a ditch is less dangerous than a head-on collision. Also, your chances of survival are greater if your vehicle is in good mechanical condition.
In case of brake failure, use the parking brake to control the car.
Following a vehicle too closely is called "tail-gating" Use the 2-second rule to determine a safe following distance. Select a fixed object on the road ahead such as a sign, tree or overpass. When the vehicle ahead of you passes the object, count "one-thousand-one, one-thousand-two." You should not reach the object before you count to one-thousand-two. If you do, you are following too closely. Most rear end collisions are caused by the vehicle in back following too closely. The two-second rule also applies to the speed when one is on a good road and during good weather conditions. If the road and/or weather conditions are not good, increase your distance to a four or five-second count. If you are being tail-gated, move to another lane or slowly pull off the road and allow the vehicle to pass. Avoid driving with your foot resting on the clutch pedal as it may cause clutch slippage, resulting in more fuel consumption and premature wearing of the clutch. Your car has a withdrawal design and maximum torque gets transmitted when the pedal is fully released.
Use of cellular phone is prohibited. If it is important, stop the car and then talk.
If smoke appears, pull off the road. Turn off the engine, move away from the vehicle and call the fire department. Vehicle fires can be very dangerous. Do not fight the fire yourself. arbon Monoxideis a deadly poison. Symptoms of its poisoning are weariness, yawning, dizziness, nausea, headache and ringing in the ears. You can prevent it by regularly checking the exhaust system. Leave the windows partially open when starting the engine. Never run the engine in your garage.